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PXD030808 is an original dataset announced via ProteomeXchange.

Dataset Summary
TitleIdentification of nascent peptides of peptidyl-tRNA dissociated from ribosome in the early elongation stage in Escherichia coli pthts cells
DescriptionAccurate translation of mRNAs into functional proteins is a fundamental process in all living organisms. In bacteria, in the early stage of translation elongation, peptidyl-tRNAs (pep-tRNAs) with short nascent chains frequently dissociate from the ribosome (pep-tRNA drop-off). The dissociated pep-tRNAs are deacylated and recycled by peptidyl-tRNA hydrolase (PTH), which is an essential enzyme in bacteria. Here, we establish a highly sensitive method for direct profiling of pep-tRNAs using RNA isolation method and mass spectrometry. We isolated each tRNA species with peptide from Escherichia coli pthts cells using reciprocal circulating chromatography and precisely analyzed their nascent peptides. As a result, we successfully detected 703 peptides consisted of 402 cognate peptides and 301 non-cognate peptides with single amino-acid substitution. Detailed analysis of individual pep-tRNAs revealed that most of the substitutions in the miscoded peptides take place at the C-terminal drop-off site. We further examined this observation using a reporter construct and found that the non-cognate pep-tRNAs produced by mistranslation rarely participate in the next round of elongation but dissociate from the ribosome, suggesting that pep-tRNA drop-off is an active mechanism by which the ribosome rejects miscoded pep-tRNAs in the early elongation, thereby contributing to quality control of protein synthesis after peptide bond formation.
ReviewLevelPeer-reviewed dataset
DatasetOriginOriginal dataset
RepositorySupportSupported dataset by repository
SpeciesList scientific name: Escherichia coli; NCBI TaxID: 562;
ModificationListacetylated residue; monohydroxylated residue; iodoacetamide derivatized residue
InstrumentLTQ Orbitrap Elite
Dataset History
RevisionDatetimeStatusChangeLog Entry
02022-01-07 08:40:17ID requested
12023-05-18 14:57:32announced
Publication List
Keyword List
submitter keyword: translation
Contact List
contact affiliationDepartment of Chemistry and Biotechnology, Graduate School of Engineering, University of Tokyo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-8656, Japan.
contact emailts@chembio.t.u-tokyo.ac.jp
lab head
contact affiliationThe university of Tokyo
contact emailtasuteka@g.ecc.u-tokyo.ac.jp
dataset submitter
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